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Ethics approval and consent to participate

Authors of submissions reporting studies involving human participants, human data, or human tissues are required to provide the following information:

  • A statement on ethics approval and consent (even where the need for approval was waived).
  • The name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the committee’s reference number if appropriate.

Submissions reporting studies involving animals must include a statement on ethics approval.

Please see our editorial policies for more information.

If the submission does not report on or involve the use of any animals or human data or tissues, please state “Not applicable” in this section.