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J Anal Res Clin Med. 2019;7(3):75-82.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2019.015
  Abstract View: 12
  PDF Download: 10

Original Article

Effectiveness of group counseling based on self-knowledge sources in increasing assertiveness in male addicts in rehabilitation program

Saeideh Mansoori 1 ORCiD, Arash Mohagheghi 2, Akram Rezvanizadeh 3, Alireza Karimpour-Vazifehkhorani 4, Javad Kazemi 5, Maryam Vahedi 6, Hassanali Ramazani 7 * ORCiD

1 Department of General Psychology, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar, Iran
2 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
5 Department of Consulting, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of General Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
7 Department of General Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of group counseling based on self-knowledge sources in increasing assertiveness of male addicts in rehabilitation program. Methods: This was an experimental study and the statistical population included individuals being rehabilitated in the center of dependence to drugs in Razi Psychiatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran. Thirty individuals were selected through targeted sampling and assigned to experimental and control groups. Random assignment was used to control the disturbing variables. Ten group counseling sessions were conducted based on the theory of self-recognition sources for the experimental group and after the end of the study, the control group was also intervened to observe ethical considerations. Results: To analyze the results at the descriptive level, the mean and standard deviation (SD) and at the level of inferential statistics, the t-test (t-difference) were used to compare the scores of self-expression of the experimental and control groups. The analysis of the results showed that group counseling in the way of self-recognition sources was significant and effective in the increasing of self-expression in patients addicted to the drugs being rehabilitated at the level of P < 0.01. Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that group counseling education in the way of self-recognition sources increases the self-expression in addicts.
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Submitted: 28 Jun 2019
Accepted: 11 Jul 2019
First published online: 10 Sep 2019
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