J Anal Res Clin Med. 2019;7(2):61-64.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2019.011
  Abstract View: 82
  PDF Download: 89

Original Article

Duration of untreated psychosis of first-episode psychotic disorders in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Carla R. Marchira 1 ORCiD, Irwan Supriyanto 1 * ORCiD

1 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Introduction: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is an important predictor for prognosis in first episode of psychotic disorders. Caregivers often seek help from alternative healers first and health professional later. These would delay proper treatments for the patients, resulting in more severe symptoms and lower functioning on their visit to medical facility. The present study aims to find the association between DUP, symptoms severity, and global functioning in patients with first-episode psychotic disorders. Methods: We identified 100 patients with first episode of psychotic disorders and their caregivers. The instruments used were Brief Psychotic Rating Scale (BPRS), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Premorbid Schizoid-Schizotypal Traits (PSST), and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). Results: There were no significant association between BPRS, PANSS, PSST, and GAF scores and DUP in our subjects. Nevertheless, we found that men had significantly longer DUP compared to women. Conclusion: We found significant association between sex and DUP in this study. Longer DUP leads to delayed treatments and poorer prognosis. Further study is required to confirm our finding.
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Submitted: 24 Apr 2019
Accepted: 13 May 2019
First published online: 10 Jun 2019
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