J Anal Res Clin Med. 2019;7(2):52-60.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2019.010
  Abstract View: 107
  PDF Download: 82

Original Article

Prediction of suicidal ideations based on socioeconomic status and mental health among University of Tabriz students

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani 1 ORCiD, Mahasti Alizadeh 2, Alireza Karimpour-Vazifehkhorani 3 * ORCiD, Zahra Pahnaei 3

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of socioeconomic status and dimensions of mental health with suicidal tendency among students of the University of Tabriz, Iran. Methods: The present descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 900 students of the University of Tabriz in the academic year of 2016-2017. The study tools included the Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSSI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), and Socio-Economic Status Questionnaire (SESQ) of Ghodratnama et al. Results: Correlation results showed that depression (r = 0.514, P < 0.01), psychoticism (r = 0.478, P < 0.01), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (r = 0.463, P < 0.01), respectively, had the highest correlation with suicidal ideations. Somatization was also correlated with suicidal ideations (r = 0.231, P < 0.05). Of the components of socioeconomic status, income (r = -0.401, P < 0.01), and the economic class component (r = -0.321, P < 0.05) had the highest correlation coefficients, respectively. Results of regression analysis indicated that the mental health variable predicted suicide in merely 58.6% of people. Moreover, with the addition of the socioeconomic status variable to the equation, both variables predicted an average of 71.6% of the overall suicidal ideations among individuals. Conclusion: Results indicated that mental health difficulties and socioeconomic problems might have a negative impact on the development of suicidal thoughts. Therefore, it is highly recommended that students’ mental health and social/financial problems be taken into consideration by educational managers responsible in universities, a mission that would be included in curriculum plans.
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Submitted: 05 Mar 2019
Accepted: 17 Apr 2019
First published online: 10 Jun 2019
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