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J Anal Res Clin Med. 2016;4(4):203-206.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2016.034
  Abstract View: 639
  PDF Download: 760

Original Article

Abdominal penetrating trauma and organ damage and its prognosis

Babak Abri 1, Samad Shams Vahdati 2 * , Seyedpouya Paknezhad 3, Pegah Sepehri Majd 4, Marah Bahrami 5

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Road Traffic Injury Research Center AND Department of Emergency Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Resident, Emergency Medicine Research Team AND Department of Emergency Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 General Practitioner, Emergency Medicine Research Team, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Student of Medicine, School of Medicine, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Abdominal penetrating trauma is still a serious problem in the world, due to its high prevalence in young people that impose a heavy economic burden on our country, we decided to evaluate the epidemiologic and demographic status and patient’s prognosis. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study; all patients with abdominal penetrating trauma referred to the emergency department of Imam Reza Hospital between March 2012 and March 2014 were enrolled to study. Age, sex, injured organs, mechanism of trauma and the prognosis was documented in the checklist. Data was analyzed by SPSS 15.0, and descriptive analysis was run. Results: In this study, 137 patients were enrolled; 103 patients (75.20%) did not have visceral damage. In visceral injury, the spleen was most commonly injured abdominal organs (8.03%). the damage to small intestine seen in 8 patients (5.84%), kidney and liver damage seen in 6 patients (4.38%) and 5 patients, respectively, and finally diaphragm and colon injury was seen in 2 patients (1.46%). Conclusion: According to a recent study, abdominal penetrating trauma mostly occurred in men. The most common cause of abdominal penetrating trauma was related to knife damage; spleen was commonly damaged organ caused by knives and other sharp objects.
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Submitted: 30 Oct 2016
Accepted: 19 Nov 2016
First published online: 24 Dec 2016
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