J Anal Res Clin Med. 2015;3(3):138-142.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2015.022
  Abstract View: 596
  PDF Download: 479

Original Research

Evaluation of changes in paraclinical indexes due to intermaxillary fixation

Javad Yazdani 1, Saeed Hajizadeh 2 * , Yousef Kananizadeh 3, Bahram Pourghasem-Gargari 4, Morteza Ghojazadeh 5

1 Associate Professor, Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Resident, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Resident, Students Research Committee, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Associate Professor, Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 1 Associate Professor, Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
7 2 Resident, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
8 3 Resident, Students Research Committee, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
9 4 Associate Professor, Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
10 5 Associate Professor, Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: One of the treatment techniques for mandibular and midface fractures is intermaxillary fixation (IMF), but treatment with IMF interferes with normal nutrition, and malnutrition can affect the result of the treatment and patient’s recovery. Methods: Paraclinical factors including lipid profile and protein profile indexes which are diagnostic for malnutrition were evaluated in this study to point out how treatment with IMF changes these indexes. In this study, 60 patients were treated with 4 weeks of IMF, the lipid profile and protein profile indexes for these patients were measured before and after the treatment. Results: The albumin (Alb) decreased during this period, but a slight increase was shown in the hemoglobin (Hb) level. All lipid profile indexes such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) decreased during this period but not statistically significant.Conclusion: Treatment with IMF could cause a malnutrition situation although not severe, which makes using nutrition supplements considerable in these cases.
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Submitted: 11 Jun 2015
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