J Anal Res Clin Med. 2015;3(3):183-189.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2015.029
  Abstract View: 561
  PDF Download: 257

Original Research

Prevalence of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli among children with gastroenteritis in the northwest of Iran

mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee 1, Gholamhassan Shahbazi 2 * , Alka Hasani 3, Mohammad Asgharzadeh 4, Ali Akbar Rahim-Rahimi 5, Masoud Alebouyeh 6

1 Associate Professor, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center AND Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 MSc Student, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Professor, Tabriz Biotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Associate Professor, Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: To investigate the prevalence of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) in children < 10 years with a diagnosis of gastroenteritis by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (MPCR). Methods: A total of 303 diarrheal stool samples from patients admitted to Tabriz children¢s hospital (the referral center in East Azerbaijan province of Iran) with diagnosis of gastroenteritis were enrolled in cross-sectional study for detection of three virulence genes using MPCR. Results: EAEC infection was found in 55 cases (18.2%). aspU gene was the most frequently detected gene (51 of 55). Of 55 EAEC 27 (49.1%) had only aspU gene, 4 (7.3%) just pCVD432 gene and 24 (43.6%) samples had both genes (aspU and pCVD432) simultaneously. There was no sample harboring aggR gene. Prevalence of EAEC among girls and boys were 14.6% (18/123) and 20.5% (37/180), respectively. Prevalence of EAEC according to the age group was 17% for 0-5 years (42 of 247) and 23.2% for 5-10 years (13 of 56). There was no significant association between prevalence of EAEC and the age groups and also the gender of the patients (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The present study revealed the high prevalence of EAEC in children with diarrhea in this region that should be more considered in preventing, diagnosis and treatment strategies. We conclude that using multiple virulence genes simultaneously for detection of this strain is necessary to gain reliable results with pointing to aspU as preferred gene for detecting EAEC when diagnosis based on the presence of one virulence marker. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the prevalence of EAEC strains in the northwest of Iran.
First name
 
Last name
 
Email address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Article Viewed: 561

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Downloaded: 257

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 07 Apr 2015
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - FireFox Plugin)