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J Anal Res Clin Med. 2015;3(3):149-156.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2015.024
  Abstract View: 651
  PDF Download: 379

Original Research

Epidemiological pattern of motorcycle injuries with focus on riding purpose: Experience from a middle-income country 
 

leili Abedi 1, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh 2, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani 3 *

1 MSc Student, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran AND WHO Collaborating Center on Safe Community Promotion, Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract

Introduction: Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death worldwide which usually occurs among people aged between15-29 years. In most LAMICs, half of fatal road traffic injuries occur among motorcyclists, which little is known about purpose of riding among motorcycle riders. Objectives: To map out epidemiological aspects of motorcycle traffic injuries with a focus on purpose of riding among victims admitted to referral centers, Tabriz, Iran. Materials/Patients and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out on 200 motorcycle traumatic patients admitted to Shohada and Imam Reza trauma centers in Tabriz((because these two hospitals are referral for trauma in East Azarbyjan Province), Iran from April till November 2013. A questionnaire was filled out through face to face interview for all subjects. Statistical analysis was done using Stata version 11. Results: All subjects were male with mean age of 29 years old. Among injured riders, 70% and 22% of them used helmet and had a riding license, respectively. About 23% of motorcycle riders stated that their main purpose of motorcycle riding was only for fun. Among motorcycle riders who used the motorcycle for fun purposes, the rate of helmet wearing was 43.5% versus 78% among those riding for other purposes (P< 0. 001; Odds ratio= 0. 22, 95% CI: 0.1-0.46). Only 28% of the motorcyclists who used motorcycle for fun had a riding license (P> 0.05; Odd ratio=1. 56, 95% CI: 0. 67-3.4). Crashes have happened more in the summer and during the afternoon times. Conclusion: Motorcyclists who rode motorcycles for fun and amusement, not having rider licenses and helmets wearing were less than other motorcycle riders. Since motorcyclists are mainly young, the rate of risky behavior in this group is higher. Therefore, it is suggested that young motorcycle riders who ride for fun, needs the priority for safety promotion intervention.
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Submitted: 08 Apr 2015
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