J Anal Res Clin Med. 2015;3(3):164-169.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2015.026
  Abstract View: 649
  PDF Download: 396

Original Research

Epidemiological patterns of Tuberculosis disease in the Babol, Iran

Saber Ghaffari-Fam 1, Seyed Reza Hosseini 2, Hassan Heydari 3, Roghaye Vaseghi-Amiri 4, Amin Daemi 5, Hossein Ali Nikbakht 6 *

1 Miandoab Health Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
3 Health Deputy, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4 General Practitioner, Health Deputy, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
5 PhD Candidate, Department of Health Services Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 MSc Student, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Almost one-third of the world’s population is at risk of exposure to tuberculosis (TB) infection. The aim of this study is to describe some patterns of TB in the Babol, Iran, to analyze the current situation and to improve the care of these patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The data were obtained from medical records pertained to patients with TB of Health Network of Babol County. The variables of interest were demographic characteristics and some clinical patterns. To describe data, indices such as mean ± SD and frequency (percent) was used. Furthermore, analysis of the data was performed by inferential statistical techniques of chi-square, independent samples t-test, and one-way analysis of variance test. Results: Two hundred patients with TB were enrolled. The average age of cases were 47.51 years [standard deviation (SD) = 21.36] and 58.5% of them were males. Age groups of 18-40 and over 60 years old comprised the majority of patients with TB 39.0 and 31.5%, respectively. The median interval time between beginning symptoms and confirmed diagnosis of TB was 56.5 days with interquartile range (IQR) of 56 days. The greatest of the time interval of beginning symptoms and diagnosis belonged to the age group of below 7 years old. The greatest time interval from confirmed diagnosis to treatment pertained to the age groups of 18-40 and 7-18, respectively. In terms of pulmonary TB, 120 (80.0%) were smear positive and 30 (20.0) smear negative. In terms of medicines given to the patients with TB, 181 (90.5%) were completed the treatment and improved, 6 (3.0%) absence of treatment, and 13 (6.5%) died as a result of TB and other causes.Conclusion: This study showed that adults and elderly comprise the highest proportion of TB. The primary prevention and control programs for education and timely referral to the Health Network may be effective in diminishing the morbidity due to TB.
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Submitted: 06 Feb 2015
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