J Anal Res Clin Med. 2015;3(1):51-56.
doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2015.008
  Abstract View: 760
  PDF Download: 366

Original Research

Children are highly exposed to physical violence between parents: a preliminary report emphasizing the need for intervention

Ali Fakhari 1, Nasrin Shahedifar 2, Maryam Sharifiyan-Sani 3, Amene Setare-Foruzan 4, Akbar Biglaryan 5, Sara Farhang 6 *

1 Associate Professor, Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 MSc Student, Department of Social Welfare, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Welfare, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Social Welfare, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Psychiatrist, Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Domestic violence is still common all around the world and children are directly or indirectly victimized. This study investigates the exposure of children to interparental physical violence. Methods: Data were collected from a sample of randomly selected university students. Information was collected on any experience of exposure to violence between parents, the type, frequency and duration of violent acts. Results: From a total of 177 students, 31.5% of females and 46.6% of males have experienced interparental violence (IPV), and most of them (66.7%) directly witnessed it. The intimate violence was by fathers in 62.3%. The most frequent types were slamming a door and slapping (20.3%). Almost 40.0% of violent experiences began during pre-school age of the child, and a same number were still experiencing such events. Rate was higher reported by males and less educated parents. Males had a higher odds ratio (OR) of exposure to physical violence, as well as violence by fathers only. Conclusion: This report emphasizes the high rate of children witnessing violence between their parents. Beside proper and in time intervention to reduce the psychological harm in these children, educational programs to increase social skills and problem-solving methods will improve the quality of relations within families.
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Submitted: 22 Jun 2014
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