J Anal Res Clin Med. 2014;2(1):42-46.
doi: 10.5681/jarcm.2014.007
  Abstract View: 530
  PDF Download: 369

Original Research

Previous medical history of diseases in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and their parents

Ayyoub Malek 1, Shahrokh Amiri 2 * , Salman Abdi 3

1 Professor, Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Clinical Psychiatry Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Psychologist, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The etiology of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is complex and most likely includes genetic and environmental factors. This study was conducted to evaluatethe role of previous medical history of diseases in ADHD children and their parents during theearlier years of the ADHD children's lives. Methods: In this case-control study, 164 ADHD children attending to Child and AdolescentPsychiatric Clinics of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, compared with 166 normal children selected in a random-cluster method from primary and guidance schools. ADHDrating scale (Parents version) and clinical interview based on schedule for Schedule forAffective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version(K-SADS) were used to diagnose ADHD cases and to select the control group. Two groupswere compared for the existence of previous medical history of diseases in children andparents. Fisher's exact test and logistic regression model were used for data analysis. Results: The frequency of maternal history of medical disorders (28.7% vs. 12.0%; P = 0.001)was significantly higher in children with ADHD compared with the control group. The frequency of jaundice, dysentery, epilepsy, asthma, allergy, and head trauma in the medicalhistory of children were not significantly differed between the two groups. Conclusion: According to this preliminary study, it may be concluded that the maternal historyof medical disorders is one of contributing risk factors for ADHD.
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Submitted: 05 Sep 2013
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