J Anal Res Clin Med. 2014;2(4):171-176.
doi: 10.5681/jarcm.2014.028
  Abstract View: 550
  PDF Download: 388

Original Research

Association between demographic and health indicators among 174 countries, 2004-2011

Abbas Abbasi 1, Saeid Safiri 2, Ahmad Faramarzi 3 * , Mohammad Javad Kabir 4, Meysam Chahkoie 5

1 MSc Student, Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2 Candidate, Hospital Management Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, ‎Iran
3 of Public Health, School of Health, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Planning and Economic Development, School of Public Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
5 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Human resources are one of the most important factors in developing of countries and have a considerable role in the developing status of countries. Hence, our aim in this study was to assess the relationship between health indicators and population indexes (population growth and composition). Methods: The present study was conducted using panel data from 176 countries during 8 years from 2004 to 2011. Data were obtained from World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank and analyzed with generalized linear square regression models using Stata version 10. Results: Our findings showed a significant association between health indicators (life expectancy at birth and infant mortality rate) and population indexes (sex ratio, residential status, and dependent population). Life expectancy was decreased by 0.35 with one unit increase in the dependent population. Furthermore, there was inequality in life expectancy among rural an urban subjects and was higher among urban subjects. Conclusion: There is a significant association between health indicators with age, sex, and residential status of the population. Planning and need assessment for population structure should be done by managers and policy makers.
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Submitted: 05 May 2014
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